143 WHEELED ROBOTS AND LUNAR CARS 4

Epaddle robot

ePaddle robot, 2015, from China. This eccentric paddle mechanism robot uses its paddles to climb over obstacles or upstairs. Frictional requirements of the paddle-aided stair-climbing postures confirm that the robot can climb up the stairs. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Modeling-paddle-aided-stair-climbing-for-a-mobile-Sun-Yang/603d0764234f5a35036dc9620f13e144a45ffc21

Transformable Wheel

Transformable wheel, 2014. Wheel transforms itself in legs with a passive process. The robot can climb over an obstacle 3.25 times as tall as its wheel radius. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Wheel-Transformer-A-Wheel-Leg-Hybrid-Robot-With-Pa-Kim-Jung/e5a6182a424bddd6feb68d958bdeb056bf356913

Wheel Transformer Robot

Wheel transformer robot, 2013. The transformation process is passively operated by an external frictional force, so it does not need any actuators. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Wheel-transformer-A-miniaturized-terrain-adaptive-Kim-Jung/f2bd099e3bfba150258d7bb2f2411b609fdea369

R Crank Amphibious Robot

R-Crank Amphibious robot, 2016, by HiBot of Hirose and Suzumori Lab, Tokyo Institute of Technology. Crank links connecting front and rear wheels, act as legs. Designed for use in disasters. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/R-Crank-Amphibious-all-terrain-mobile-robot-Yamada-Hirose/05a3616a0d331281583db32735226eff3e37a2f4, http://www.unusuallocomotion.com/pages/more-documentation-ii/71-walking-hopping-spherical-wsl-robots-and-vehicles-2.html. The Beachmaster, in 1943, had similar cranks : http://www.unusuallocomotion.com/pages/more-documentation-iii/79-4x4-wheeled-rigid-vehicles-heavy-3.html

Roveo robot of Rovenso

Roveo robot of Rovenso, a Start Up issued from EPFL, Switzerland. Independent suspension allows crossing many obstacles. It is tested for dismantling nuclear power plant. Rovenso went to Shenzhen, China, where is an accelerator of start-up with the US HAX. https://www.expoprotection.com/SANTE-ET-SECURITE-AU-TRAVAIL/Article.htm?Zoom=4313984bdd7c11322038839351cc2ed9, http://www.rovenso.com/, https://www.letemps.ch/economie/2016/06/29/suisses-seduits-innovante-shenzhen, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQanCwiVDn4, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Ab2ZTBtLlg

Tri-Wheel Robot

Tri-Wheeled robot, 2015, with two modes of operation : major wheel and minor wheel. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-Tri-Wheel-A-novel-wheel-leg-mobility-concept-Smith-Quinn/b683a4e2c0cc69008c3d0a84ad8a54bfc8e3755f

Stair Climbing Robot

Stair Climbing Robot, 2016, https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Design-of-a-Robust-Stair-Climbing-Compliant-Modula-Bhole-Turlapati/d9fd7ab2d507e4ef555c5e7f9dfa0ddf6fdb4196

KTR X1 8x8 Robot

KTR X1 8X8 robot, electric powered, RC. From Poland, 140 kg, ground clearance 27 cm, 8 km/h, 4 motors 24V / 450W each. https://www.robotshop.com/letsmakerobots/ktr-x1-8x8-hybrid-rc, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSLRCJHugYk